Methods that both capture and store carbon in the land reservoir. They are well-established practices already deployed at scale (TRL 8–9) and widely reported by countries as part of their LULUCF activities. Methods included are: afforestation/reforestation; soil carbon in croplands and grasslands; peatland and wetland restoration; agroforestry; improved forest management; and durable Harvested Wood Products. The latter is included as it is already deployed at scale and the carbon remains as biomass (Smith et. al, 2023).