In a Nutshell

  • Substantial contributions from carbon removals are needed for Cyprus to reach climate neutrality, according to current scenarios. However, the country has not yet set any CDR target.
  • Cyprus does not have a national climate law but does allow geological CO2
  • An incentive scheme to increase removals from land use is mentioned in the country’s draft updated National Energy and Climate Plan.
  • The full package of policies and objectives for the LULUCF sector will be presented in the final revision of the NECP in 2024.

Role for carbon removal in national climate policy

Cyprus does not have quantified carbon dioxide removal (CDR) .


The country’s draft updated National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) states that additional policies and objectives for the Land-Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) sector will only be presented in the final revision of the NECP in 2024. It does hint at additional measures currently under consideration for the sector. These measures include designing nature-based solutions to increase CO2 absorption, for example by promoting green roofs, increasing private forests, increasing and improving urban public green spaces, and additional tree planting along urban and interurban networks.


The draft plan states that carbon capture and storage (CCS) and carbon capture and utilisation (CCU) could play an important role in the country’s decarbonisation efforts. It highlights the participation of Cyprus in discussions on CCS technologies whilst exploring the possibility of opening its territory for the exploration of suitable geological formations. It also mentions the preparation of a national CCS plan.


Alongside the NECP, Cyprus’ long-term low GHG emission development strategy is the country’s second key climate policy document. It presents a roadmap for climate neutrality by 2050 and sets out four scenarios with different levels of ambition. Only the most ambitious one allows Cyprus to reach climate neutrality by 2050. The second most ambitious scenario, “with additional measures” likely to be presented in the final updated NECP, only delivers 78% emissions reductions based on 2005 levels.


The most ambitious scenario of the development strategy requires large-scale CCUS and LULUCF removals deployment. Unfortunately, it conflates CCS/CCU with CDR, as CCUS is presented as producing negative emissions alongside removals from the LULUCF sector. A target of 1.1MtCO2 removals from the LULUCF sector is set under this scenario out of approximately 2.7MtCO2 negative emissions needed.


The strategy also mentions that Cyprus is considering planning for CCS activities in all installations covered by the EU Emissions Trading System from 2040 onwards.


Finally, Cyprus’ Common Agricultural Policy Strategic Plan includes multiple measures for agriculture and forestry, such as the protection of soil, wetlands and peatlands and carbon sequestration in new forests.


Support for R&D and Innovation

As per the sixth list of Projects of Common Interest, Project Prinos will be connected to Cyprus either through a shipping lane or a pipeline. Under this project, a CO2 geological storage location will be constructed under the Aegean Sea.


In the draft updated NECP, one of the four additional measures in the decarbonisation dimension is an “incentive scheme to increase removals from land use”. The key aim is to plant trees, starting with 70,000 annually in 2020 to 300,000 in 2030.

On the horizon

The full package of policies and objectives for the LULUCF sector will be presented in the final revision of the NECP in 2024.



  1. Net zero target: 2050
  2. Net Negative Target:


  3. First interim target: 2030
  4. Type of interim target: Emissions reduction target
  5. GHGs covered: Carbon dioxide and other GHGs
  6. Separate target for emission reduction and removals: Yes
  7. Comprehensive CDR Target: no
  8. CDR Target for Conventional Removals: no
  9. CDR Target for Novel Removals: no
  10. Historical emissions: No
  11. Annual reporting mechanism: Annual reporting

CDR Plans

  1. Plans for carbon removal (CDR): Yes (nature-based and CCS-based removals)
  2. Planning to use external carbon credits: No
  3. Conditions on use of carbon credits:

Key stakeholders

Think Tanks and NGOs

  • Terra Cypria – Environmental NGO promoting environmental awareness and sustainability.