In a Nutshell

  • The Slovenian Long-Term Climate Strategy states that removals will be used to offset residual emissions and reach climate neutrality by 2050.
  • Slovenia is yet to develop a climate law, and geological CO2 storage is still prohibited.
  • Carbon contracts for difference might be used to incentivise CCU and potentially CCS.
  • Slovenia is expected to publish its final updated NECP by June 2024, where additional measures and policies will be introduced.

Role for carbon removal in national climate policy

In line with the European Union Climate Law, Slovenia has committed to reaching climate neutrality by 2050. According to its draft updated National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP), emissions are set to be reduced to between 80% and 90%. This same draft holds Slovenia accountable for reducing its total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by at least 37%-40% by 2030 and by at least 55% by 2033 and its emissions covered by the Effort Sharing Regulation by at least 28%-31% by 2030 compared to 2005 levels.

 

The draft also clarifies targets for the Land-Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) sector: for the 2021-2025 period, emissions must not exceed removals. Thereafter removals must exceed emissions for the 2026-2030 period. Finally, in 2030 net removals from the sector must be at least 0.14MtCO2.

 

The draft updated NECP did not include a chapter detailing the policies and measures required as they are still under development. The chapter will be included in the final version of the updated NECP due in June 2024. The measures will most likely be geared towards the restructuring of existing financial incentives in favour of green technologies highlighted in the Net Zero Industry Act, such as green hydrogen and CO2 capture and storage. 

 

The Slovenian Long-Term Climate Strategy until 2050 states that removals will be used to offset residual emissions and reach climate neutrality in 2050. The strategy defines removals as sinks in the LULUCF sector and the “direct capture of GHG emissions”. According to the strategy, the LULUCF sector’s net sinks could be increased by 2.5MtCO2 by 2050. The strategy also mentions that CCU could be used in the cement and metal manufacturing industries after 2040. It highlights the need to ensure support for pilot projects, infrastructure, and a regulatory framework around CCU. The strategy identifies the costs of CCU as the main barrier to deployment.

 

As part of its Common Agricultural Policy Strategic Plan, Slovenia plans to use various measures to increase carbon storage in agricultural soils, including the promotion of organic farming and the greening of arable land.

Support for R&D and Innovation

The draft NECP states that carbon contracts for difference might be used as a potential funding mechanism for CCU and potentially for CCS. The final updated version of Slovenia’s NECP will likely provide more details on how this mechanism could work in practice. The draft also mentions that the Net-Zero Industry Act will be used as the basis for support to CCS.

 

In 2022, the National Institute of Chemistry established a demonstration and training centre for carbon-free technologies, including hydrogen, carbon capture and conversion and advanced battery technologies.

 

Given that CO2 storage is currently prohibited in the country, Slovenia will have to export the CO2 it captures or removes to neighbouring countries such as Croatia, Italy and Hungary. Another option would be to transport CO2 to storage sites in the North Sea, which would require substantial investments in the development of the necessary infrastructure. The lack of domestic CO2 storage is holding local actors back from deploying CCS. For example, the Salonit Anhavo cement plant has identified this lack of domestic storage as a key factor blocking their plans to deploy CCS at their facilities.

 

On the horizon

Slovenia should publish its final updated NECP by June 2024, in which additional measures and policies will be developed.

Contributors

Targets

  1. Net zero target: 2050
  2. Net Negative Target:

    No

  3. First interim target: 2030
  4. Type of interim target: Emissions reduction target
  5. GHGs covered: Carbon dioxide and other GHGs
  6. Separate target for emission reduction and removals: No
  7. Comprehensive CDR Target: no
  8. CDR Target for Conventional Removals: yes
  9. CDR Target for Novel Removals: no
  10. Historical emissions: No
  11. Annual reporting mechanism: Annual reporting

CDR Plans

  1. Plans for carbon removal (CDR): Yes (nature-based and CCS-based removals)
  2. Planning to use external carbon credits: Not Specified
  3. Conditions on use of carbon credits:

Key stakeholders

Research Institutions

Think Tanks and NGOs

Collaborators

Nina Meglič